Reference NumberDL0700
Alt Ref NoDL0700
Artist or CreatorDavid Low (1891-1963)
Title or CaptionThe doormat.
Extent1 item
Published byEvening Standard
Date19 Jan 1933
Size31.5 x 44.5cm
Techniqueblack ink/black crayon
Embedded text or transcriptJapan
Honour of Nations
Face-saving outfit
Person DepictedSimon; John Allsebrook (1873-1954); 1st Viscount
NotesIn 1931 the Japanese Kwantung Army invaded Manchuria, a province of China. This was in direct contravention of the Covenant of the League - to which Japan, as a permanent member of the League's Council, had sworn. It also contravened the multi-nation Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928, which disavowed war and which Japan had signed. The League dispatched Lord Lytton to conduct an inquiry. The report was finally completed in October of 1932, found Japan to be the aggressor and ordered her withdrawal from China. Japan refused to accept the findings and eventually, in March 1933, left the League. This was perceived by all to be an inappropriate measure to take against aggression, particularly aggression by a powerful Council member, and undoubtedly contributed to a loss of confidence in the League as a peace-keeping force in the 1930s.
SubjectsArmed forces
International relations
League of Nations 1919
North-east China
Proverbs and sayings
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
foreign policy
Copyright contact detailsNorthcliffe House, 2 Derry Street, London W8 5TT
Location of artworkReturned to Beaverbrook Foundation, 1998
Relates to cartoonDL0700

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GB/BCA/260Simon; John Allsebrook (1873-1954); 1st Viscount1873-1954   
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