Ref NoLSE2519
Alt Ref NoLSE2519
Artist or CreatorDavid Low (1891-1963)
Title or CaptionScraps of paper at Geneva.
Extent1 item
Published byEvening Standard
Date09 May 1938
Embedded text or transcript"Look! Those cads won't tear up their promises." "Gad! Dishonourable, I call
it......" Bonnet U.S.S.R. China League solemn engagements re Abyssinia Whereas it is
Person DepictedColonel Blimp; (fictional)
Halifax; Edward Frederick Lindley Wood (1881-1959); Earl of
Bonnet; Georges (1889-1973)
Litvinov; M. M. (Maksim Maksimovich), (1876-1951)
Koo; Vi Kyuin Wellington (1887-1985)
NotesCooment: "Alongside Britain, France and Japan, Italy had been a permanent member of the
Council of the League of Nations since the League was established. Despite this, in late
1934 Mussolini attacked Abyssinia (Ethiopia). This was arguably in retalliation for the
Italian defeat at Adowa in 1896, or a bid to expand Italian Imperial possessions in Africa.
This was despite the fact that Italy's membership of the League required allegiance to the
Covenant, which pledged non-aggression. Mussolini used the pretext of a (staged) incident
at WalWal to send in troops already stationed in Somaliland and Eritrea. A further invasion
was launched in October 1935. Mussolini's actions sounded the death knell for the League as
a credible peace keeping force, principally because of the League's failure to respond
appropriately. The League had 3 weapons at its disposal - moral condemnation, arbitration
and economic sanctions. Clearly only the latter was viable in this case. On October 11 the
League agreed sanctions against Italy. These sanctions were fundamentally ineffective as
they excluded an oil embargo, thus demonstrating a lack of commitment by the League to
defeating the threat of Italian aggression. Moreover, Britain and France undermined the
League's efforts further by pursuing independent alliances with Mussolini. Britain was
concerned about threats to her mediterranean naval bases should Mussolini be provoked. Both
Britain and France, especially France, were anxious for a revival of the Stresa Front
alliance against Germany. The British Foreign Secretary, Samuel Hoare, and the French Prime
Minister, Pierre Laval, concocted a secret treaty (the Hoare-Laval Pact) which agreed to
carve up Abyssinia. When details of the pact were leaked to the press both ministers were
forced to resign. Amongst League members, all of whom seemed anxious to break their
unanimous commitment to peace, only Russia was insistent that it would do whatever it could
to support Abyssinia. Sanctions against Italy were dropped once Italy had conquered Addis
Ababa. China was also concerned about League inaction, having suffered from Japanese
occupation of its major cities since the end of 1937." Anna Jordan, teacher.
International relations
League of Nations 1919
Copyright contact detailsNorthcliffe House, 2 Derry Street, London W8 5TT
Fax: 02075660388
Relates to cartoonDL1332

Show related Persons records.

GB/BCA/173Colonel Blimp; (fictional)   
GB/BCA/357Halifax; Edward Frederick Lindley Wood (1881-1959); Earl of1881-1959   
GB/BCA/2723Bonnet; Georges (1889-1973)1889-1973   
GB/BCA/60Litvinov; M. M. (Maksim Maksimovich), (1876-1951)1876-1951   
GB/BCA/5631Koo; Vi Kyuin Wellington (1887-1985)1887-1985   
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