Ref NoLSE2144
Alt Ref NoLSE2144
Artist or CreatorDavid Low (1891-1963)
Title or CaptionSpecialists' Diagnosis
Extent1 item
Published byEvening Standard
Date11 Jan 1935
Embedded text or transcriptDoctors Laval & Mussolini Consultations Free Positively no knife-work
"Ahem! Flushed... swollen.. hysterical.... we should have a consultation at once."
Expectant Fathers Seat Saar Maternity Ward League
Person DepictedMussolini; Benito (1883-1945)
Laval; Pierre (1883-1945)
Hitler; Adolf (1889-1945)
NotesSince World War I, the League of Nations had held the Saarland on a mandate. The
Saarland was on the French German border, so the French naturally grew apprehensive as 1935
approached. This was because, under the terms of the mandate, a vote was due in January
1935 to decide whether the Saarland should return to Germany. There were rumours in late
1934 of a Nazi putsch in that area, in lieu of the vote. France moved some troops into the
area. The chairman of the League's Committee for the Saar was the Italian Ambassador, Baron
Aloisi. Aloisi was due to represent Italy, on behalf of Mussolini, when the League
considered the murder of King Alexander of Albania and Louis Barthou, the French foreign
minister. Therefore, positive Franco-Italian relations were essential at the Saarland
committee. Hitler, anxious to keep European powers on side, to divert attention from his
rearmament, allowed the vote to take place. In the plebiscite, 90% of voters chose to
return to Germany.
International relations
League of Nations 1919
Saarland Plebiscite
Third Reich 1933-45
foreign policy
peace treaties
Copyright contact detailsNorthcliffe House, 2 Derry Street, London W8 5TT
Fax: 02075660388
Relates to cartoonDL0916

Show related Persons records.

GB/BCA/58Mussolini; Benito (1883-1945)1883-1945   
GB/BCA/466Laval; Pierre (1883-1945)1883-1945   
GB/BCA/394Hitler; Adolf (1889-1945)1889-1945Born in Austria. Politician and leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party). He served as German chancellor from 1933-1945 and head of state (Fuhrer) from 1934-1945. He established a single-party dictatorship based on the totalitarian and autocratic ideals of national socialism. He gained support for his views on German nationalism, anti-Semitism, anti-capitalism and anti-communism through his impassioned speeches and propaganda. He wanted to establish a New Order of absolute rule in Europe and pursued a policy of seizing land by force for the Aryan people.  
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