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Title or CaptionCarl Giles Trust collection
DescriptionArtwork, files and related documents from the studio of cartoonist Carl Giles. Includes approximately 6,500 original artworks for the cartoons; reference files of photographs and cuttings, on which to base his drawings; business correspondence with the Daily Express, Sunday Express and others; 'studio correspondence' with readers and admirers; general and family correspondence, a reference book collection including publications featuring his own work; an almost complete set of Giles annuals; cards; photographs; films and objects.
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GB/BCA/2911Giles; Ronald Carl (1916-1995)1916-1995Ronald 'Carl' Giles was born in Islington, north London, on 29 September 1916. His father, Albert Giles, was a tobacconist, but his mother was the daughter of a Norfolk farmer and he spent his school holidays in East Anglia. Giles attended Barnsbury Park School - where he was taught by the severe, skeletal Mr Chalk who later featured in his cartoons - but had no formal art training. As Giles later acknowledged, the closest he came to art training was the encouragement of Sir Alfred Munnings, President of the Royal Academy, to whom his uncle was butler.

Leaving school aged 14, Giles worked as an office boy for a Wardour Street film company, but then progressed to becoming a junior animator on cartoons. He moved to Elstree, where from 1935 he worked for Alexander Korda, and was one of the principal animators on the first full-length British colour cartoon film with sound, 'The Fox Hunt'. After this was completed, Giles went to Ipswich to join Roland Davies, who was setting up a studio to animate his popular newspaper strip "Come On Steve". Six 10 minute films were produced, beginning with 'Steve Steps Out' in 1936, but although Giles was the head animator, he received no screen credit. On the death of his brother in 1937, Giles returned to London, and, after speculatively submitting work, got a job as staff artist on the left-wing weekly 'Reynolds News', producing single-panel cartoons and the strip "Young Ernie".

Giles was much influenced by the Punch cartoons of Graham Laidler - "Pont" - and later admitted that when Laidler died in 1941 it was "the same sort of shock as when someone dies in the family": "I missed his drawings and went on missing them." His "Young Ernie" strip was noted by John Gordon, editor of the 'Sunday Express', and in 1943 Giles was invited to the Beaverbrook headquarters in Fleet Street to be interviewed for a job on the 'Evening Standard'. As it turned out he was offered a job on the 'Daily Express' and 'Sunday Express', at a higher salary than he was getting, and duly left 'Reynolds News', taking his strip with him. His first cartoon for his new employer appeared in the 'Sunday Express' of 3 October 1943.

In 1943 Giles moved to Ipswich, where he set up a studio. A motor-cycle accident had left him blind in one eye and deaf in one ear, so he was rejected for war service, but during the war he made cartoon films for the Ministry of Information, including 'One Pair of Nostrils' for the Ministry of Health, and, in 1944, 'The Grenade'. His cartoons were also reproduced as posters for the Railway Executive Committee and others. In 1945 he became the 'Daily Express' "War Correspondent Cartoonist" with the 2nd Army. Giles was best known for his Express "family", which first appeared in a published cartoon on 5 August 1945, and had enormous popular appeal.

In 1948 Strube was sacked and Giles took his job on the 'Daily Express'. However, he insisted on cartooning no more than three days a week - two cartoons for the 'Daily Express', where from 1949 he alternated with Cummings, and one for the 'Sunday Express'. Yet he could still be late with his cartoons, which had to be sent down from Ipswich. He proved to be strongest in social comment, and in 1949 Arthur Christiansen, editor of the 'Daily Express', told Beaverbrook that his political skills were weak: "I do not think that Giles could possibly compete in Low's field. He is not a political cartoonist. Whenever he tries this line of country, he flops badly." Despite being praised by Vicky as "a present-day Hogarth", he never succeeded in this area.

Giles also contributed to 'Men Only' and other publications, drew advertising cartoons for Guinness, Fisons and others, and designed Christmas cards for the RNLI, Royal National Institute for the Deaf and Game Conservancy Research Fund. In 1959 he was awarded the OBE. Giles cited his influences as Bairnsfather and Pont, and he himself directly influenced the style of Jak, Mac and others. He set his cartoon figures against elaborately-detailed naturalistic backgrounds, often with fascinating sub-plots occurring away from the main focus of the picture. He never submitted roughs, observing that "I can't work that way - I just sit down and draw the thing." He also never worked at the Express's office in London but sent his drawings in from his home near Ipswich, Suffolk.

Giles continued to avoid political caricature, although just occasionally public figures did appear among the stock characters - as in his cartoon on 12 May 1970, which featured the opening of a cartoon exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery, and included Harold Wilson and Edward Heath. He was generally treated with enormous care at the Express, but he was fundamentally shy and could be petulant. On a number of occasions he threatened resignation. Lynn Barber, who joined the 'Sunday Express' in 1982, recalled how "editors and picture editors quailed before him and silently endured the thrice-weekly nightmare of getting his work from Ipswich": "When the trains were delayed they sent a taxi; when Giles was snowed in, they sent a helicopter. His rare trips to London for lunch with the editor were as meticulously planned as a royal visit."

In 1989, Giles finally parted company with The 'Daily Express', after the editor, Nick Lloyd, called his bluff. His cartoons were now being allocated less space in the paper, and he came to London for lunch with the editor. After waiting an hour and a half for Lloyd in a restaurant, Giles was told by a waitress that the meeting had been cancelled. As he later explained, "I just thought, 'sod this'", and walked out. He continued working for the 'Sunday Express' until 1991.

Giles claimed to be a Socialist - "a dirty leftist" - supported the trade union movement, and hated Mrs Thatcher. Yet he was comfortable with the limited horizons of Middle England, and his cartoons did nothing to extend them. The "Giles Family" was the bizarre fantasy of a working-class household living a comfortable middle-class life, and, as Nicholas Lezard wrote in 1994, "one wonders whether the aspirational, acquisitive working class was as much his creation as Mrs Thatcher's." Giles died in hospital in Ipswich, Suffolk, on 27 August 1995.
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